Dhaval Patel – Independent Project

Dhaval Patel – Independent Project

Class of 2017

Introduction to Topic

Dentistry is the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity (American Dental Association House of Delegates, 2013). In the past, dentistry has not been associated as a medical specialty, but with increasing oral care, it has gained a reputation as a medical specialty. The people of today’s time put an increasing amount of emphasis on oral health, focusing more on the shade of an individual’s teeth, the alignment of teeth, and the the health of their teeth. Individuals today have started to place much more emphasis on their teeth. I was not fascinated by teeth but I wanted to discover why dentistry was given so much emphasis as to have a separate medical curriculum of its own, while all the other medical sciences got compiled into a single doctor of medicine degree. Through conducting this experience, I wanted to contribute something of my own creation to the vast field of dentistry and hopefully, make it a little less complicated.

Project Description

My curiosity in the field of dentistry led me to Dental One Associates. The practice consists of a variety of dental professionals including an orthodontist, endodontist, and general practice. At the practice, I observed the different professionals, but mainly Dr. Chhatwal, and throughout the whole experience, I gained an indepth understanding of how the different professionals at the practice interacted with each other to provide complete dental care to all the patients. I did not have a direct role in providing care to the patients, but I assisted the hygienists in little manners that did not require any official training. Throughout my experience, I noticed many inefficiencies in the field of dentistry that needed to be addressed. Dr. Chhatwal and the other professionals used a dental mirror to view the patient’s teeth, but it was inefficient as it required a lot of adjustments with the lighting and bending at weird angles. This led me to create a new kind of tool that would make use of LED diodes and a camera to allow the dentists to not have to make any light or posture adjustments to get a proper view of the teeth.

Experience Description

The experience originally started off really boring with getting familiar with the office and the medical rules. Throughout the first few days, I received training with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) to make sure that the patient information was protected. I also started to receive training in the sanitation procedure that goes in preparing the rooms so that I was familiar with the different aspects of each room and the purpose that they served. I learned how to sanitize the tools after they had been used and learned how the ultrasonic cleaner and the washer together made sure that no pathogens carried over to the next patient. The typical patient care that I came in contact with consisted of hygiene procedures. This typically consisted of the patient first receiving dental x-rays and from the x-rays, the condition of the teeth were evaluated. The hygienist would then do a physical exam of the teeth and measure the length of the patient’s pocket to make sure that the patient was not headed towards periodontal disease. After the physical exam was done and the pockets were measured, the hygienist would do use a dental probe to remove any plaque that was starting to build up on the teeth. Then the patient’s teeth were brushed with fluoride paste to help strengthen the The dentist would then come in to check the patient’s teeth and do some more through cleaning. If the patients had any cavities, then the dentist would drill the tooth, and then fill the cavity.

The typical days where I sanitized tools and observed everyday patients was very mundane and boring. I found the overall experience to be very uneventful and unsatisfying, I realized that dentistry was not my calling and was glad that I got this experience as it helped me further narrow what I want to do with my life. But even though I found the overall experience to be very boring, I found some aspects of dentistry to be really fascinating, for example, I observed many cool procedures such as root canals in which dead, and infected teeth are taken out and replaced by crowns. I also came in contact with some really cool patients such as a patient with Parkinson’s disease and saw how difficult having certain conditions can make other aspects of your life. Though I found out dentistry is not my calling, I learned to become part of a medical team and came to appreciate all the different roles that different medical providers play.

Innovation Description

Throughout my experience, I saw one consistent problem in the care of almost all patients, observing the patient’s teeth. The normal way of observing a patient’s teeth in real time and one of the main tools used in the field of dentistry while performing most procedures is a dental mirror. A dental mirror requires that the user adjust the mirror so the mirror can properly display the portion of the teeth that the user wants to view, then adjust overhead lighting to properly illuminate that portion of the teeth. Though this tool can guide the dentist and other professionals, in treating the patient’s teeth, I realized that a variety of faults existed in using it. Using the tool requires constant adjustment of the mirror and overhead lighting and can only give a very limited view of the teeth. Also in the case of one Parkinson’s patient, it was almost impossible to use the mirror to view the patient’s teeth and it took a considerable amount of time to get a proper view of the mirror as the patient’s tremors kept moving the mirror. Also, the weird angles that are created to get a view of the teeth makes it so that the dentist and other professionals have to bend and lean in weird positions. Bending is one of the main causes of back pain as leaning forward exaggerates the curve of an individual’s fine and puts pressure on your discs (Goins, 2016).

To address the issues that I encountered, I came up with MiraDent. MiraDent makes use of the same structure as a dental mirror to help current practitioners easily transition to the new tool. Instead of using a mirror, the mirror is replaced by a high resolution camera (a modified Nikon Nikkor AF-S DX), and the camera is surrounded by powerful LED diodes. The LED diodes illuminate the teeth to eliminate the use of overhead lighting and the camera captures a much higher resolution image than can be seen in the mirror. The lens transmits the image up to the transmitter located in the handle of the device and the transmitter wirelessly transmits it to a computer on which the condition of the patient’s teeth can be viewed. The dental professional does not need to bend or lean or make any adjustments to get a view of the patient’s teeth, the device itself illuminates and the monitor can freely display the image and so the dentist can put the monitor wherever is comfortable for him to look while being able to work in the patient’s oral cavity. The device would not only help in efficiency, but it would replace the current camera’s that are used in dentistry today for insurance images and notes, MiraDent can record the transmitted data in high definition and images could be screenshotted from the video. The high quality images supplied by MiraDent would provide images for insurance to provide them with proof of procedure, and also provide images for the professionals to make visual notes to see the previous condition of teeth and how they have progressed after the last check-up.

+ Project Topic

Introduction to Topic

Dentistry is the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity (American Dental Association House of Delegates, 2013). In the past, dentistry has not been associated as a medical specialty, but with increasing oral care, it has gained a reputation as a medical specialty. The people of today’s time put an increasing amount of emphasis on oral health, focusing more on the shade of an individual’s teeth, the alignment of teeth, and the the health of their teeth. Individuals today have started to place much more emphasis on their teeth. I was not fascinated by teeth but I wanted to discover why dentistry was given so much emphasis as to have a separate medical curriculum of its own, while all the other medical sciences got compiled into a single doctor of medicine degree. Through conducting this experience, I wanted to contribute something of my own creation to the vast field of dentistry and hopefully, make it a little less complicated.

+ Project Overview

Project Description

My curiosity in the field of dentistry led me to Dental One Associates. The practice consists of a variety of dental professionals including an orthodontist, endodontist, and general practice. At the practice, I observed the different professionals, but mainly Dr. Chhatwal, and throughout the whole experience, I gained an indepth understanding of how the different professionals at the practice interacted with each other to provide complete dental care to all the patients. I did not have a direct role in providing care to the patients, but I assisted the hygienists in little manners that did not require any official training. Throughout my experience, I noticed many inefficiencies in the field of dentistry that needed to be addressed. Dr. Chhatwal and the other professionals used a dental mirror to view the patient’s teeth, but it was inefficient as it required a lot of adjustments with the lighting and bending at weird angles. This led me to create a new kind of tool that would make use of LED diodes and a camera to allow the dentists to not have to make any light or posture adjustments to get a proper view of the teeth.

+ Experience

Experience Description

The experience originally started off really boring with getting familiar with the office and the medical rules. Throughout the first few days, I received training with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) to make sure that the patient information was protected. I also started to receive training in the sanitation procedure that goes in preparing the rooms so that I was familiar with the different aspects of each room and the purpose that they served. I learned how to sanitize the tools after they had been used and learned how the ultrasonic cleaner and the washer together made sure that no pathogens carried over to the next patient. The typical patient care that I came in contact with consisted of hygiene procedures. This typically consisted of the patient first receiving dental x-rays and from the x-rays, the condition of the teeth were evaluated. The hygienist would then do a physical exam of the teeth and measure the length of the patient’s pocket to make sure that the patient was not headed towards periodontal disease. After the physical exam was done and the pockets were measured, the hygienist would do use a dental probe to remove any plaque that was starting to build up on the teeth. Then the patient’s teeth were brushed with fluoride paste to help strengthen the The dentist would then come in to check the patient’s teeth and do some more through cleaning. If the patients had any cavities, then the dentist would drill the tooth, and then fill the cavity.

The typical days where I sanitized tools and observed everyday patients was very mundane and boring. I found the overall experience to be very uneventful and unsatisfying, I realized that dentistry was not my calling and was glad that I got this experience as it helped me further narrow what I want to do with my life. But even though I found the overall experience to be very boring, I found some aspects of dentistry to be really fascinating, for example, I observed many cool procedures such as root canals in which dead, and infected teeth are taken out and replaced by crowns. I also came in contact with some really cool patients such as a patient with Parkinson’s disease and saw how difficult having certain conditions can make other aspects of your life. Though I found out dentistry is not my calling, I learned to become part of a medical team and came to appreciate all the different roles that different medical providers play.

+ Innovation

Innovation Description

Throughout my experience, I saw one consistent problem in the care of almost all patients, observing the patient’s teeth. The normal way of observing a patient’s teeth in real time and one of the main tools used in the field of dentistry while performing most procedures is a dental mirror. A dental mirror requires that the user adjust the mirror so the mirror can properly display the portion of the teeth that the user wants to view, then adjust overhead lighting to properly illuminate that portion of the teeth. Though this tool can guide the dentist and other professionals, in treating the patient’s teeth, I realized that a variety of faults existed in using it. Using the tool requires constant adjustment of the mirror and overhead lighting and can only give a very limited view of the teeth. Also in the case of one Parkinson’s patient, it was almost impossible to use the mirror to view the patient’s teeth and it took a considerable amount of time to get a proper view of the mirror as the patient’s tremors kept moving the mirror. Also, the weird angles that are created to get a view of the teeth makes it so that the dentist and other professionals have to bend and lean in weird positions. Bending is one of the main causes of back pain as leaning forward exaggerates the curve of an individual’s fine and puts pressure on your discs (Goins, 2016).

To address the issues that I encountered, I came up with MiraDent. MiraDent makes use of the same structure as a dental mirror to help current practitioners easily transition to the new tool. Instead of using a mirror, the mirror is replaced by a high resolution camera (a modified Nikon Nikkor AF-S DX), and the camera is surrounded by powerful LED diodes. The LED diodes illuminate the teeth to eliminate the use of overhead lighting and the camera captures a much higher resolution image than can be seen in the mirror. The lens transmits the image up to the transmitter located in the handle of the device and the transmitter wirelessly transmits it to a computer on which the condition of the patient’s teeth can be viewed. The dental professional does not need to bend or lean or make any adjustments to get a view of the patient’s teeth, the device itself illuminates and the monitor can freely display the image and so the dentist can put the monitor wherever is comfortable for him to look while being able to work in the patient’s oral cavity. The device would not only help in efficiency, but it would replace the current camera’s that are used in dentistry today for insurance images and notes, MiraDent can record the transmitted data in high definition and images could be screenshotted from the video. The high quality images supplied by MiraDent would provide images for insurance to provide them with proof of procedure, and also provide images for the professionals to make visual notes to see the previous condition of teeth and how they have progressed after the last check-up.

By | 2017-05-15T15:53:11+00:00 May 15th, 2017|Biomed Capstone Project 2017|0 Comments

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